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  3. Atlas of Oneida County, New York (1874). Philadelphia:. Beers, Daniel G. & Co.
  4. Braun, E. L. (1950). Deciduous forests of eastern North America. Philadelphia: Blakiston.
  5. Burgess, R. L., Sharpe, D. M., & Bruner, M. C. (1981). Forest island dynamics in man-dominated landscapes. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  6. Clinton, D. W. (1822). Letters on the natural history and internal resources of the State of New York. New York: Sold by E. Bliss & E. White.
  7. Cornell University geospatial information repository. Retrieved August 2, 2011, from http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/
  8. Cornell University Student Weekend Arborist Team (SWAT) (February 2009). City of Utica street tree inventory report. Unpublished.
  9. DeKay, James E. (1842). Zoology of New York; or, The New York Fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the State of New York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders. S.l.: s.n..
  10. Devereux, L. W. (1939). Historical map of Utica in 1839.
  11. DL Miller and Co (1896) Map of Utica.
  12. Egan, D., & Howell, E. A. (2001). The historical ecology handbook: A restorationist's guide to reference ecosystems. Washington, D.C: Island Press.
  13. Gaston, K. J. (2010). Urban ecology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  14. Haberer, J. V., & Asa Gray Botanical Club. (1888). A list of plants in the vicinity of Utica for April, May and a portion of June. Utica, N.Y: Asa Gray Botanical Club.
  15. National Wildlife Federation. Garden for wildlife. Retrieved September 5, 2012, from http://www.nwf.org/Get-Outside/Outdoor-Activities/Garden-for-Wildlife/Schoolyard-Habitats.aspx
  16. New Century Club (Utica, N. Y. ). (1900). Outline history of Utica and vicinity. Utica, N.Y.: L.C. Childs.
  17. Oswalt, P. (2005). Shrinking cities. Ostfildern-Ruit [Germany]; New York: Hatje Cantz; D.A.P./Distributed Art Publishers [distributor].
  18. Page, J. N., & New York (State). (1980). Utica Marsh management plan. Albany: New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Division of Fish and Wildlife, Bureau of Wildlife.
  19. Paine, J. A. (1865). Catalogue of plants found in Oneida County and vicinity. Albany.
  20. Payne, N. F., & Bryant, F. (1994). Techniques for wildlife habitat management of uplands. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  21. Ricketts, T. H. (1999). Terrestrial ecoregions of North America : A conservation assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  22. Tallamy, D. W. (2004). Diversity: Do alien plants reduce insect biomass? Conservation Biology, 18(6), 1689-1692.
  23. U. S. Department of Environmental Conservation. New York State breeding bird atlas. Retrieved November 2, 2011, from http://www.dec.ny.gov/pubs/42978.html
  24. U. S. Department of Environmental Conservation. Utica Marsh wildlife management area. Retrieved January 3, 2012, from http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/55993.html
  25. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Geospatial services. Retrieved August 3, 2011, from http://www.fws.gov/gis/index.html
  26. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Schoolyard habitat project guide. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from http://www.fws.gov/cno/pdf/HabitatGuidebw.pdf
  27. U.S. Geological Survey. Maps, imagery, and publications. Retrieved June 4, 2011, from http://www.usgs.gov/pubprod/
  28. Utica Marsh checklist: Compiled from the records of Matt Perry from 1993-2000. Retrieved November 12, 2011, from http://academics.hamilton.edu/biology/ewilliam/birdchecklist.html
  29. W.O.L. Westgard (1907) Utica. Philadelphia: Century Map Co.
  30. World Wildlife Fund. WildFinder: Online database of species distributions. Retrieved June 4, 2012, from http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/wildfinder/